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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Dressler
New York v. Quarles
Citation:467 U.S. 649, 104 S.Ct. 2626, 81 L.Ed.2d 550.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
A young woman told police officers that she had just been raped by a black male, approximately six feet tall, who was wearing a black jacket with the name “Big Ben” printed in yellow letters on the back. She told the officers that the man had just entered a nearby supermarket and had a gun. The officers drove the woman to the supermarket and quickly spotted the defendant, who matched the description given by the woman.
Upon seeing the officers, the defendant turned and ran toward the back of the store. The officer ordered him to stop and put his hands over his head. Although more than three other officers had arrived on the scene by that time, Officer Kraft was the first to reach the defendant. He frisked him and discovered that he was wearing an empty shoulder holster. After handcuffing him, Officer Kraft asked him where the gun was. The defendant nodded in the direction of some empty cartons and said, “the gun is over there.” The officer found a gun from one of the cartons and then formally placed the defendant under arrest and read him his Miranda rights.
The defendant was charged with criminal possession of a weapon. The trial court excluded the statements and the gun because the officer had not given the defendant Miranda warnings before asking him where the gun was, and the gun’s discovery was tainted by the prior Miranda violation.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.