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Constitutional Law Keyed to Chemerinsky
National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius
Citation:567 U.S 519 (2012)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Congress enacted the Patient and Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010 to cover more Americans, who had no insurance until that point. The ACA contained an individual mandate requiring individuals to maintain a minimum level of health insurance and the Medicaid expansion, which gives funds to states if they provide specified health care to all citizens with low incomes. Anyone fails to comply with an individual mandate would have to pay a penalty. Thirteen states brought actions stating that the Act was unconstitutional.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.