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National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius
Citation:567 U.S. 519, 132 S.Ct. 2566, 183 L.Ed.2d 450 (2012).
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- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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The individual mandate of the ACA requires most Americans to maintain minimum essential health insurance coverage. Those who do not comply with the mandate must make a payment to the federal government. The ACA describes such payment as a penalty, calculated as a percentage of household income, subject to a floor based on a specified dollar amount and a ceiling based on the average annual premium the individual would have to pay for qualifying private health insurance. Plaintiffs bring suit, alleging the unconstitutionality of the individual mandate of the ACA.
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