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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Dressler
Minnesota v. Carter
Citation:525 U.S. 83, 119 S.Ct. 469, 142 L.Ed.2d 373.
A police officer went to an apartment building to investigate a tip. The officer looked through a drawn window blind and observed the defendants, Carter and Johns, and the lessee of the apartment, Thompson, bagging cocaine for several minutes.
The officer obtained a search warrant and returned to the apartment, where he discovered cocaine residue on the kitchen table and plastic baggies. The police later learned that while Thompson was the lessee of the apartment, Carter and Johns lived in a different state and had come to the apartment for the sole purpose of packaging the cocaine. Carter and Johns had never been to the apartment before and were only in the apartment for approximately 2.5 hours. In return for the use of the apartment, Carter and Johns had given Thompson some of the cocaine.
The defendants moved to suppress all evidence obtained from the search of the apartment, claiming that the search was in violation of the Fourth Amendment. The motion was denied, and the defendants were each convicted. They appealed, and the Minnesota Supreme Court reversed, holding the defendants had “standing” to claim the protection of the Fourth Amendment because they had a legitimate expectation of privacy in the invaded place.
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