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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Allen
Medina v. California
Citation:505 U.S. 437 (1992)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Petitioner, Teofilo Medina, stole a gun from a pawnshop. Over a course of several weeks, he then held up two gas stations, a drive-in, and murdered three employees of those two establishments. He also attempted to rob a fourth employee and shot at two bystanders. The Petitioner was charged with various criminal offenses including three counts of first-degree murder. Prior to trial, the Petitioner’s counsel moved for a competency hearing on the ground that he was not sure whether the Petitioner had the ability to participate in those criminal proceedings against him. Under California law, a mentally incompetent person cannot be tried or adjudged to punishment. A person is mentally incompetent if they are unable to understand the nature of the criminal proceedings or to assist counsel in the conduct of a defense in a rational matter as a result of a mental disorder or developmental disability. California law presumes a defendant is competent and the party claiming incompetence bears the burden of proof in showing that the defendant is incompetent by the preponderance of the evidence. The jury found the Petitioner to be competent. The Petitioner was then convicted of all three first-degree murder charges. He was then sentenced to death.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.