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Constitutional Law Keyed to Rotunda
Massachusetts v. Mellon; Frothingham v. Mellon
Citation:202 U.S. 447 (1923)
The two cases challenge the constitutionality of the Maternity Act, which provides appropriations to States that agree to comply with its provisions for the purpose of cooperating with the States to reduce maternal and infant mortality and to protect the health of mothers and infants. The Act created a bureau to administer the act in cooperation with state agencies, required to make reports on expenditures. It is asserted that that the appropriations under the Act are for purposes not national, but local to the States. The state of Massachusetts and an individual in the same state argued that the Act abridges the state and individual rights in violation of the Constitution.
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