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Civil Procedure Keyed to Babcock
Martin v. Wilks
Citation:490 U.S. 755 (1989)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
A group of black firefighters sued the City of Birmingham and the Jefferson County Personnel Board for race dsicrimination. To settle the suit, Birmingham entered a consent decree that set requirements for hiring and promoting black firefighters. Subsequently, a group of white firefighters sued Birmingham and the Board alleging that they were being denied promotions because the consent decree allowed less qualified black firefighters to be promoted instead. Birmingham alleged that the consent decree precluded the white firefighters’ lawsuit and therefore moved to dismiss their lawsuit arguing that it was impervious to collateral attack. The district court granted the motion but the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversed, holding that Plaintiffs’ claims would not be precluded because they were not parties to the consent decree action. The Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.