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Constitutional Law Keyed to Farber
Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife
Citation:504 U.S. 555 (1992)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) seeks to protect species of animals against threats to their continuing existence caused by humans. Endangered or threatened species are identified by a periodic list compiled by the Secretary of the Interior. Section 7(a)(2) of the Act then provides that each federal agency must ensure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out by that agency is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or any threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of the habitat of such species. The Secretary by regulation determined that section 7 is only applicable to species and habitats within the territorial borders of the U.S. or on the High Seas. Plaintiffs, organizations dedicated to wildlife conservation, obtained an injunction requiring the Secretary to promulgate a revised regulation applying section 7 extraterritorially.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.