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Constitutional Law Keyed to Choper
Kramer v. Union Free School District
Citation:395 U.S. 621, 89 S.Ct. 1886, 23 L.Ed.2d 583 (1969).
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Section 2012 of the New York Education Law permitted school districts to limit eligible voters in school district elections to: 1) citizens owning or leasing taxable real property and 2) parents of children enrolled in public schools. Union Free School District applied these restrictions. Kramer, a resident of this school district, who resided with his parents and had no children, attempted to register to vote in the local school district elections. His application was rejected for failure to comply with the restrictions. Kramer brought suit against the school district, claiming his constitutional rights under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment had been violated.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.