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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Dressler
Illinois v. Rodriguez
Citation:497 U.S. 177, 110 S.Ct. 2793, 111 L.Ed.2d 148.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Gail Fischer, who showed signs of a severe beating, told police officers that she had been assaulted by the defendant. She traveled to an apartment with the police and unlocked the door with her key so that the officers could enter and arrest him. Fischer referred to the apartment as “our” apartment, and gave the officers permission to enter. Officers did not obtain a warrant. At the apartment, they observed drug paraphernalia and containers filled with cocaine. They proceeded to the bedroom, where they found the defendant asleep and discovered additional containers of cocaine. They arrested him and seized the drugs and related paraphernalia.
The defendant moved to suppress all evidence seized at the time of his arrest, claiming that Fischer had vacated the apartment several weeks earlier and had no common authority to consent to the entry. The trial court granted the motion, concluding that Fischer was an “infrequent visitor” at the apartment based upon its findings that Fischer’s name was not on the lease, that she did not contribute to the rent, that she was not allowed to invite others to the apartment on her own, that she did not have access to the apartment when the defendant was away, and that she had moved some of her possessions from the apartment. The Appellate Court affirmed and found it unnecessary to determine whether the officers reasonably believed that Fischer had the authority to consent, because it ruled as a matter of law that a reasonable belief could not validate the entry.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.