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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Dressler
Illinois v. Gate
Citation:462 U.S. 213, 103 S.Ct. 2317, 76 L.Ed.2d 527.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
On May 3, 1978, the police received by mail an anonymous handwritten letter which stated that there is “a couple in your town who strictly make their living on selling drugs.” The letter described an elaborate drug scheme and claimed that the defendants brag about the fact they never have to work. Based on the letter, officers conducted their own investigation and received corroborating evidence. They received a search warrant to search the defendants’ car and home and uncovered approximately 350 pounds of marijuana. The defendants were arrested and charged with violations of state drug laws.
The trial court granted the defendants’ motion to suppress the evidence, and the Illinois Supreme Court affirmed, holding that the search was invalid because the letter did not provide probable cause to believe contraband would be found in the defendants’ car and home. The lower court considered only the informer’s basis of knowledge and credibility.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.