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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Ohlin
Griffith v. Kentucky
Citation:470 U.S. 314 (1987)
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
These cases, one state and one federal, concern the retrospective application of Batson v. Kentucky. In Batson, this Court ruled that a defendant in a state criminal case trial could establish a prima facie case of racial discrimination violative of the Fourteenth Amendment, based on the prosecution’s use of peremptory challenges to strike members of the defendant’s race from the jury venire, and that, once the defendant had made the prima facie showing, the burden shifted to the prosecution to come forward with a neutral explanation for those challenges. The Court here considers whether that ruling is applicable to litigation pending on direct state or federal review or not yet final when Batson was decided.
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- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
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