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Constitutional Law Keyed to Rotunda
Gibbons v. Ogden
Citation:22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 1 (1824)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The New York law stated that no one can navigate the waters of New York without a license from the grantees of New York, under penalty of forfeiture of the vessel. New York granted an exclusive license to operate a steamboat to individuals on all waters within the jurisdiction of that state. The two assigned this license to Ogden, who sued to enjoin Gibbons from using any steamboats in navigating the waters in the territory of New York. Gibbons were running steamboats between New York City and New Jersey. Gibbons claimed that his boats were duly licensed under a congressional act. The state courts enjoined Gibbons, who then appealed to the U.S Supreme Court.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
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