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Constitutional Law Keyed to Rotunda
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority
Citation:469 U.S. 528 (1985)
In National Leagues of Cities v. Usery, the Court held that the Commerce Clause does not empower Congress to enforce the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) against the States in areas of traditional governmental functions. Though the case supplied some examples of traditional governmental functions, it did not offer a general explanation of how a traditional function is to be distinguished from a non-traditional one. In the current case, a federal district court concluded that municipal ownership and operation of a mass-transit system is a traditional governmental function and thus, under National League of Cities, is exempt from the obligations imposed by the FLSA.
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