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Constitutional Law Keyed to Varat
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority
Citation:469 U.S. 528, 105 S.Ct. 1005, 83 L.Ed.2d 1016 (1985)
In National League of Cities v. Usery, 426 U.S. 833 (1976), the Court held that Congress, under its Commerce Clause powers, could not enforce the Fair Labor Standards Act’s (FLSA) minimum-wage and overtime provisions against the States in “areas of traditional governmental functions.” The holding was based in part on the Tenth Amendment, which was interpreted as a barrier protecting State autonomy from congressional overreaching. After National League of Cities, employees for the San Antonio Transit System were no longer given the overtime pay that the FLSA required.
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