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Torts Keyed to Franklin
Fletcher v. Rylands
Citation:L.R. 1 Ex. 265 (Exchequer Chamber, 1866)
ProfessorMelissa A. Hale
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
A reservoir owned by Rylands broke into ancient mining shafts below it that were connected to mines used by Fletcher, causing Fletcher’s mines to flood. When building the reservoir, Rylands’ engineers discovered these abandoned mining shafts that were filled with subsoil beneath the reservoir, but they did not inspect where these shafts went. Rylands operated in total ignorance of the latent defect found in the subsoil that allowed the flooding to occur.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.