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Constitutional Law Keyed to Barnett
Ex parte Endo
Citation:323 U.S. 283 (1944)
During World War II (after the bombing of Pearl Harbor), President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 that directed the Secretary of War and military commanders to create military zones from which people of certain ethnicities were excluded from living for “protection against espionage and against sabotage to” national defense efforts. U.S. Military commanders subsequently created these military zones on the West Coast of the United States, due to presence of U.S. military bases and supplies and geographical proximity to Japan (who the United States was at war with). Executive Order 9102 called for the “removal, relocation, and . . . supervision” of people identified (of a certain ethnicity) in Executive Order 9066. Pursuant to the executive order and federal law ratifying the order, people of Japanese ancestry were required to leave their homes in the military zones and were forcibly relocated and incarcerated in camps (“internment camps”). Appellant Endo challenged her removal to a Japanese Internment Camp.
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