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Civil Procedure Keyed to Glannon
Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins
Citation:304 U.S. 64 (1938)
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Tomkins (a Pennsylvania citizen) was injured in Pennsylvania by a passing freight train while he was walking along a right of way at night. He sued Erie Railroad Co. (a New York company), operator of the rain, in federal district court in New York to recover for the injuries he sustained, based on alleged negligence. The trial judge refused to rule that Pennsylvania common law applied, under which Tomkins’ recovery would allegedly have been precluded. A jury verdict was entered for Tompkins. The Court of Appeals affirmed. The Supreme Court granted certiorari to determine whether the court was free to disregard the alleged rule of Pennsylvania common law.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.