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Constitutional Law Keyed to Barnett
Cooley v. Board of Wardens
Citation:53 U.S. (12 Howe.) 299 (1851)
Pennsylvania passed a law that required ships passing in and out of the port of Philadelphia to hire a local pilot, or pay a fine. Defendant Cooley sailed his ship out of the port of Philadelphia without hiring a local pilot, and was sued by the Board of Wardens of Philadelphia for failing to pay the fine.
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