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Constitutional Law Keyed to Maggs
Carter v. Carter Coal Co.
Citation:298 U.S. 238 (1936)
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- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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President Roosevelt asked Congress to enact a regulatory scheme for the coal industry. Congress responded by enacting the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1935. James Cater, a shareholder of the Carter Coal Co., immediately challenged the law on the ground that it exceeded Congress’s power under the Commerce Clause. The statute created a Commission in the Department of Interior that was authorized to create a code applicable to the coal industry that would regulate the maximum hours and minimum wages of workers in coal mines and establish minimum prices for the sale of coal. The Bituminous Coal Conservation Act regulated labor practices in a particular industry.
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