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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Dressler
California v. Carney
Citation:471 U.S. 386, 105 S.Ct. 2066, 85 L.Ed.2d 406.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
On May 31, 1979, agents watched the defendant approach a youth in downtown San Diego. The youth accompanied the defendant to a Dodge Mini Motor Home parked in a nearby lot. The defendant and the youth closed the window shades in the motor home. An agent had previously received uncorroborated information that the same motor home was used by another person who was exchanging marijuana for sex.
When the youth left the motor home, the agents followed and stopped him. The youth told the agents that he had received marijuana in return for sexual contact. At the agents’ request, the youth returned to the motor home and knocked on its door. The defendant opened the door and without a warrant or consent, one agent entered the motor home and observed marijuana, plastic bags, and a scale of the kind used in weighing drugs on a table.
The defendant was arrested. He filed a motion to suppress the evidence discovered in the search of his motor home, arguing that it violated the Fourth Amendment. The court denied the motion. He appealed, and the California Supreme Court reversed.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.