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Constitutional Law Keyed to Maggs
Andrus v. Allard
Citation:444 U.S. 51 (1979)
The Eagle Protection Act and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act are conservation statutes designed to prevent the destruction of certain species of birds. The Acts prohibit commercial transactions in parts of birds that are protected under the statutes, and regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior apply the prohibition to birds killed before the statutes were in force. Appellees were engaged in the trade of Indian artifacts, a number of which are partly composed of feathers of birds protected by the statute, and some of them were prosecuted for selling artifacts in violation of the statute and regulations. They sued alleging that the regulations violated the Fifth Amendment.
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