Torts Keyed to Dobbs
International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, UAW v. Johnson Controls, Inc
The Respondent manufactured batteries. The assembly process entailed exposure to high levels of lead. After discovering that eight of its female employees became pregnant while maintaining blood lead levels in excess of those thought safe by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Respondent barred all its female employees, with the exception of those with medically documented infertility, from engaging in tasks that required exposure to lead in excess of recommended OSHA levels. The Petitioner challenged the Respondent’s fetal-protection policy as sexually discriminatory in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act (Act). The Seventh Circuit affirmed a district court decision in favor of the Respondent and the Petitioner appealed. The Supreme Court granted certiorari.
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