Confirm favorite deletion?
Property Law Keyed to Cribbet
Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff
Only StudyBuddy Pro offers the complete Case Brief Anatomy*
Access the most important case brief elements for optimal case understanding.
*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Historically, Hawaii was settled by Polynesian immigrants who developed an economy around a feudal land tenure system, the result of which was to concentrate land ownership in the hands of a few. In 1967, the Hawaii legislature enacted the Land Reform Act of 1967 (Act), which created a mechanism for condemning residential tracts and for transferring ownership of the condemned fee simples to the existing lessees. If 25 eligible tenants of at least half the tenants on a five acre or more residential tract request that their homes be condemned, then the Hawaii Housing Authority (HHA) is authorized to hold a public hearing to determine if the proposed condemnation will effectuate the public purposes of the Act, and if the HHA find the public purposes will be served, then HHA is authorized to designate some of the tracts for acquisition. The prices are set by condemnation trial or by negotiation between lessors and lessees. HHA then acquires the land of the former fee owners’ full right, title and interest in the land. Then the land is sold to the lessees by HHA. In 1977, HHA held a public hearing to begin condemnation proceedings of some of Appellees’ lands. In 1978, HHA ordered Appellees to negotiate with certain lessees to determine a price for the land. HHA then ordered Appellees to submit to compulsory arbitration. Instead of submiting, the Appellees filed suit in the district court, asking that the Act be declared unconstitutional and that its enforcement be restrained. The district court held the compulsory arbitration portion of the Act unconstitutional, but ultimately upheld the rest of the Act. The district court found that the Act was within the state’s police power and that the means the legislature chose to serve those goals were not arbitrary, capricious or selected in bad faith. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed the district court and held that the transfers under the Act were not like those previously held to be p ublic uses within the meaning of the Fifth Amendment. On an application of HHA and other private appellants the case was submitted to be reviewed by the Supreme Court of the United States.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.