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Property Keyed to Sprankling
Tioga Coal Co. v. Supermarkets General Corp.
Citation:546 A.2d 1 (1988).
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In 1948, Tioga Coal Company (Plaintiff) began using a strip of land called Agate Street and installed a lock upon a gate that controlled access to the street. In 1978, the gate was removed, and the plaintiff filed a complaint seeking title by adverse possession to Agate Street. The trial court found and the appellate court affirmed that the plaintiff’s possession of Agate Street was not hostile as required by Pennsylvania law. The lower courts held this way because the plaintiff was mistaken about the true owner of Agate Street, so the plaintiff did not intend to claim title against the actual owner. The plaintiff believed the true owner to be the City when in fact it was the defendant.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.