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Barash v. Pennsylvania Terminal Real Estate Corp.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
On September 15, 1967, Barash (Plaintiff) leased office space from the Pennsylvania Terminal Real Estate Corp. (Defendant). The windows to the office were sealed and the air supply and circulation was entirely under Defendant’s control. Before entering the lease, Defendant represented to Plaintiff that the building would either be air-conditioned or have a natural and continuous flow of air through the building’s duct system. Plaintiff signed the lease relying on Defendant’s representations. However, the lease itself only required Defendant to provide air cooling from June through September from 9 am to 6 pm. The lease also contained a merger clause stating that Defendant made no representations or promises that were not expressly in the lease. On May 15, 1968, Plaintiff took possession of the office. At 6 pm, Defendant turned off the air to the office. Plaintiff states that the office became so hot that it became uninhabitable. Defendant refused to provide after-hour ventilation unless Plaintiff paid $25 per hour. Plaintiff refused to pay rent and sued alleging that Defendant’s failure to provide a continuous flow of fresh air after hours and on weekends constituted an actual partial eviction. The Appellate Division ruled in Plaintiff’s favor.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.