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Diamond v. Chakrabarty
Citation:447 U.S. 303 (1980)
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In 1972, the plaintiff, Chakrabarty, applied for a patent relating to his invention of a new microorganism, bacteria, that was capable of breaking down multiple components of crude oil. Chakrabarty sought patents for the process of making the bacteria, the required materials, and the bacteria itself. The patent office allowed the first two, but denied the request to patent the bacteria, on the ground that living things are not patentable. Chakrabarty appealed and the appellate court reversed and held in his favor that he could patent the bacteria. The defendant, Diamond, appealed.
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