International Law Keyed to Damrosche
Fisheries Jurisdiction (United Kingdom v. Iceland)
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Iceland’s (D) claim to a 12-mile fisheries limit was recognized by the United Kingdom (P) in 1961 in return for Iceland’s (D) agreement that any dispute concerning Icelandic fisheries jurisdiction beyond the 12-mile limit be referred to the International Court of Justice. An application was filed before the I.C.J. when Iceland (D) proposed to extend its exclusive fisheries jurisdiction from 12 to 50 miles around its shores in 1972. By postulating that changes in circumstances since the 12-mile limit was now generally recognized was the ground upon which Iceland (D) stood to argue that the agreement was no longer valid. Iceland (D) also asserted that there would be a failure of consideration for the 1961 agreement.
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