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Health Law Keyed to Furrow
National Federal of Independent Business et al. v. Sebelius
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
[The procedural history is based on a series of federal lawsuits by the State of Florida and others (including the National Federation of Independent Business) (Collectively "Plaintiffs") (Plaintiff) against the United States Department of Health and Human Services (Federal Government) (Defendant) challenging the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act (the Act), specifically the "individual mandate," which required that all individuals purchase a health insurance policy providing a minimum level of coverage.] The district court ruled the provision was unconstitutional and, because it could not be severed from the body of the act, caused the entire act to be invalid. The Federal Government (Defendant) then appealed to the Eleventh Circuit, which affirmed the district court's ruling, but allowed that portion to be severed and upheld the constitutionality of the remainder of the Act. The Plaintiffs and the Federal Government (Defendant) then sought review of the Eleventh Circuit's decision by the United States Supreme Court.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.