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Criminal Law Keyed to Johnson
United States v. Rogers
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
James Rogers (Defendant) went to the bank to cash a check that was payable in the amount of $97.92. Defendant asked a teller to deposit $80 from the check into an account and give Defendant the remaining amount in cash. The inexperienced teller mistook the date on the check as the amount payable to Defendant. The teller deducted $80 with which to credit the account and placed $1,126.59 in cash on the counter in two bundles of $500, with the rest in miscellaneous bills. Defendant took the cash and left the bank. Defendant was charged under the state’s bank-robbery statute, which codified the common-law offense of larceny. At trial, testimony established that the teller’s drawer was short the exact amount of the difference between what the check was actually payable for and what the teller mistakenly paid. Defendant testified that he only received the correct cash amount of $17.93. The trial judge instructed the jury that Defendant could be convicted based on a finding that the much larger amount was taken by Defendant either with the intent to appropriate the overpayment or with a subsequently formed intent to appropriate the overpayment. Defendant was convicted and appealed, arguing that: (1) the evidence was insufficient to establish the commission of a larceny and (2) the jury instructions were improper.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.