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Criminal Law Keyed to Johnson
People v. Tufunga
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Halaliku Kaloni Tufunga (Defendant) was charged with assault with a deadly weapon or force likely to produce great bodily injury, robbery, spousal abuse, and making terrorist threats following an altercation at the home of his ex-wife, Shelly. At trial, Shelly testified that Defendant and his current wife and daughter forced their way into her home and began shouting obscenities at her. Defendant then pushed Shelly to the floor and began kicking her. Shelly said Defendant then threw her onto the couch, straddled her, and ordered the other women out of the house. Defendant slapped and hit Shelly and then brandished a pair of scissors and began making stabbing motions overhead and told her he was going to “mess up her face.” Shelly suffered bruises and scratches to her face, neck, and arms before Defendant stopped. Shelly then testified that her mother arrived at the house and handed Shelly $200 for her to purchase vitamins and medicine. Shelly placed the money on her coffee table. After a brief altercation between Shelly, her mother, and Defendant, Shelly testified that Defendant grabbed the $200 off the coffee table and fled the house. Defendant’s version of the events varied greatly. He testified that he went to Shelly’s house to give her $200 that he had just been given by his employer for her to pay bills with. Shelly placed the money in her bra. Defendant’s employer later testified and corroborated his testimony. Defendant conceded that he, Shelly, and her mother got into a heated argument because Shelly was going to give the money to her mother rather than use the money to pay bills. Defendant claimed that he forcibly took the $200 from Shelly’s bra after she refused to return it and he fled the house. Defendant denied striking or hitting Shelly. At the close of the evidence, defense counsel requested a claim-of-right jury instruction. The trial court denied the request and the jury found Defendant guilty on all counts except assault. Instead, the jury found him guilty of the lesser charge of battery. The court of appeal affirmed the convictions. Defendant appealed.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.