Criminal Law keyed to Dripps
Lopez v. City of Chicago
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Joseph Plaintiff (Plaintiff) was arrested without a warrant by Chicago police for the murder of a twelve-year-old boy. The boy had been struck and killed by stray gunfire in a drive-by shooting. An eyewitness identified Plaintiff as the shooter. Thereafter, Chicago detectives (Defendants) kept Plaintiff shackled to the wall of a windowless, nine-by-seven foot interrogation room for four days and nights while they investigated the case. Plaintiff only had a small metal bench or dirty floor upon which to sleep and there was no toilet or sink. Plaintiff was given only one bologna sandwich and one serving of juice during the four days and nights. From time to time, detectives would question Plaintiff and they made him stand in two line-ups. After two and one-half days, Plaintiff became disoriented and gave a false confession that did not match the details of the crime. On the fifth day of his detention, Plaintiff was moved to the city lockup, charged, and finally taken to court. Shortly thereafter, detectives located another individual who confessed to the murder. Plaintiff was released the following day. Plaintiff sued Defendants under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for a violation of his constitutional rights and a supplemental state claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress. After hearing the evidence, the district court granted the Defendants’ motion for a judgment as a matter of law. Plaintiff appealed.
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