Criminal Law Keyed to Bonnie
Boyle v. United States
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
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- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Boyle was involved in a group engaged in a series of bank robberies. The group was loosely organized and did not designate roles in the group. Boyle was charged with violating the Racketeering Influence and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO Act), 18 U.S.C. § 1963(c), which made it unlawful for a person to engage in collective “enterprise” that involves racketeering and affects interstate or foreign commerce. Without a statutory definition of “enterprise”, the district court defined an enterprise as a structure which is loosely organized for the purpose of engaging in racketeering and that an association-in-fact structure is defined by the activities it is engaged in. The jury convicted Boyle for violating the RICO Act and the Second Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.