Corporations Keyed to Hamilton
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Texas Gulf Sulphur Co
Defendants were officers, employees or were closely tied to employees of Texas Gulf. Texas Gulf, utilizing a geological survey, was conducting mining exploration in Canada. One area, called Kidd 55, was deemed promising by the survey, and a hole was drilled with the resulting core analyzed. The analysis showed that the minerals present in the area were extremely rich in minerals. Several other samples verified the findings. Defendants did not disclose the results of the analysis to outsiders, including other officers of Texas Gulf. Defendants did proceed to purchase shares and calls once they knew about the results. The trading activity and sample drilling did prompt rumors in the industry of a significant find by Texas Gulf, and on April 12, 1964 Defendants sent out a misleading press release to calm the speculation. The press release misrepresented the actual results of the samples. Defendants decided to announce the results on April 15, although the news did not re ach the public until April 16. Defendants still traded between April 12 and the announcement. Defendants claimed that the information was not material to the value of the company and therefore did not feel obligated to publicly disclose the information. They also argued that any trading after they released the news at midnight of April 16 was legitimate because technically the news was disseminated to the public.
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