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Constitutional Law Keyed to Stone
Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York City
CaseCast™ – "What you need to know"
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Acting pursuant to The New York City Landmarks Preservation Law, the Landmark Preservation Committee (“Committee”) designated certain structures as landmark sites. The Grand Central Terminal, owned by Penn Central Transportation Co. (“Appellants”), was designated as such a site. Designation as a landmark cite meant that a structure was burdened with certain strictures concerning a property owner’s use of the site. Appellants requested permission from the commission to build two 50-plus story office buildings above the Grand Central Terminal. The Commission denied this request citing the adverse effect the buildings would cause on the view of the Terminal. Thereupon, Appellants sued, claiming that the regulation depriving it of the gainful use of its “air rights” above the Terminal, thus, constituting a taking.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.