Constitutional Law Keyed to Shanor
American Insurance Association v. Garamendi
Germany and the United States entered into an agreement whereby Germany agreed to make reparations to Holocaust victims. The United States made agreements with Austria and France not to interfere with International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC) efforts to make reparations to Holocaust victims. California, however, required any insurance company that conducts business in California to disclose insurance policies that existed between 1920 and 1945 under the Holocaust Victim Insurance Relief Act (HVIRA). Insurance companies argued that the federal law preempted state law, and the district court granted summary judgment to the plaintiffs. The court of appeals reversed and the Supreme Court granted certiorari.
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