Constitutional Law Keyed to Rotunda
Massachusetts v. Mellon
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
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- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The United States (Defendant) passed a law providing appropriations of tax funds to the states for the purpose of implementing programs to reduce infant mortality. The law required states accepting funds to report on their compliance with program requirements and authorized the withholding of funds to any state found not to be in compliance. The state of Massachusetts (Plaintiff) filed suit claiming that the law presented an unconstitutional infringement upon the sovereignty of the states. The United States Supreme Court consolidated Massachusetts’ case with the case of Frothingham (Plaintiff). Frothingham was an individual taxpayer who filed suit claiming that the law violated the Constitution by implementing a governmental taking of property, in the form of taxation, without due process of law.
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