Constitutional Law Keyed to Cohen
San Antonio Independent School Dist. v. Rodriguez
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This suit was initiated by Appellees Mexican-American parents whose children attend the elementary and secondary schools in the Edgewood Independent School District, an urban school district in San Antonio, Texas. They brought a class action on behalf of school children throughout the state who are members of minority groups or who are poor and reside in school districts having a low property tax base against the State Board of Education, the Commissioner of Education, the State Attorney General, and the Bexar County Board of Trustees. The Appellees argue that the State of Texas’ dual finance system in place, which provides disparate expenditures on students based on property tax revenue. The Appellees claim that this system which provided $356 per pupil in poorer areas, while providing $594 per pupil in more affluent areas violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The District Court agreed, and held that the Texas school finance system was unconstituti onal under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
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