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Constitutional Law Keyed to Choper
Campbell v. Clinton
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In 1999, President Clinton (Defendant) ordered the participation of U.S. military forces in NATO missile attacks in Yugoslavia. Within forty-eight hours he submitted a report to Congress that outlined the reasons for the use of military forces and the scope and duration of the deployment, and in which he asserted that his actions were based on his authority as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive. Congress voted not to declare war or to issue an authorization for the missile strikes, but it did vote not to require an immediate end to U.S. involvement in the NATO strikes and voted to fund that involvement. Several congressmen (Plaintiffs) sued, arguing that President Clinton had violated the War Powers Resolution (WPR) and the War Powers Clause of the U.S. Constitution. The WPR requires the President to submit a report to Congress within forty-eight hours of any military involvement in hostilities, and to terminate military involvement unless Congress declares war or enacts authorization for the involvement within sixty days. The district court found that the congressmen lacked standing to sue.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.