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Constitutional Law Keyed to Chemerinsky
William J. Clinton, President of the United States v. City of New York
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Line Item Veto Act of 1996 (the Act) gave the President of the United States (the President) the power to veto (cancel) provisions of certain spending and taxing bills after they had been signed into law. The Act sets out procedures the President must follow, including a procedure where the President must notify Congress of the cancellation and Congress can veto the President’s cancellation with a majority vote. The Defendant used the Line Item Veto power to cancel an item of spending that would benefit only New York and also to cancel a tax break to farmers’ cooperatives. It is undisputed that the Defendant complied with the Act, that Congress properly enacted the Act and that the spending and taxing issues in this case fall within the Act.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.