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Constitutional Law Keyed to Chemerinsky
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Washington v. Davis
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Washington, D.C. required each police officer applicant to submit to a round of testing including physical tests and a written personnel test, Test 21. In order to enter the 17-week training course an applicant had to achieve 40 out of 80 on Test 21. Petitioner took Test 21 in 1970 and failed it. He claims that this test is racially biased because the majority of black applicants who took it failed.
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