Constitutional Law Keyed to Chemerinsky
U.S. Railroad Retirement Bd. v. Fritz
Prior to 1974, federal law permitted persons who had worked in both railroad jobs and non-railroad jobs to receive dual benefits, under both Social Security and the railroad retirement system. The windfall benefits threatened the railroad retirement system with bankruptcy. In order to avoid bankruptcy, Congress passed a law that ended the dual benefits, but included a grandfather clause that preserved dual benefits for some classes of employees. Specifically, those employees who had already retired and were receiving dual benefits would continue to receive them. Workers who had not yet retired, but who qualified for dual benefits could only receive them if: 1) they performed some railroad work in 1974; or 2) they had a current connection with the railroad industry; or 3) they had completed twenty-five years of railroad service. Appellee, Mr. Fritz, sued, claiming that depriving one set of unretired workers of dual benefits while continuing to give dual benefits to those who sa tisfied certain criteria violated equal protection. The District Court agreed with Appellee that a differentiation based solely on whether an employee was “active” in a railroad business in 1974 was not “rationally related” to the congressional purposes of insuring the solvency of the railroad retirement system and protecting vested benefits.
Only StudyBuddy Pro offers the complete Case Brief Anatomy*
Access the most important case brief elements for optimal case understanding.
*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
Topic:Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
Parties:Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
Procedural Posture & History:Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.:A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises:Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
Brief Facts:A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
Rule of Law:Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
Facts:What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case.
Issue(s):Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
Holding:Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
Concurring / Dissenting Opinions:Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
Reasoning and Analysis:Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.