Constitutional Law Keyed to Chemerinsky
City of Mobile v. Bolden
The Petitioner City has a 3-person council. Each councilman runs for an open seat on the council and is elected by a majority vote. He will then serve a term of four years. State law governs this design of government. The Respondent, Bolden (Respondent), alleges that his voting rights have been adversely affected by this method of election, as evidenced by the lack of any black persons in the city council. The district court found invidious discrimination and the court of appeals affirmed.
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