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Commercial Law Keyed to Lopucki
Wal-Noon Corp. v. Hill
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Plaintiff and Defendant entered into a lease agreement for the construction and occupancy of a building. Part of the building was to be occupied and used by Plaintiff for a market, and the other part was to be sublet by the Plaintiff for various satellite enterprises. The roof started to leak about ten years after the agreement was made. Complaints were made to Plaintiff by other tenants of similar leaky conditions. Repairs were made to the roof by the Plaintiff until the roofers told the Plaintiff that repair was no longer practicable and a new roof should be installed. Plaintiffs sought and obtained competitive bids for replacing the roof and awarded the job to the lowest bidder. The lease stated that the lessor agreed at their own cost to make all repairs to the roof and exterior walls to the new building and the Lessors shall have no obligation to make any repairs to the new building made necessary by the negligence or improper use by the lessee. The lease further provided that all notices, demands, consents and denials shall be in writing and shall be sufficiently given and served. Prior to the repairs Plaintiff did not review the lease, but Plaintiff later became aware of the lease provision, which allocated the responsibility for such repairs to the Defendant. Thereafter, Plaintiff requested that Defendant reimburse them for the money spent on fixing the roof. Defendant refused and the Plaintiff brought this action. Plaintiff brought suit to establish the provisions of the lease and the circumstances surrounding repair and replacement of the roof. Defendant sought to show that they were prejudiced by Plaintiff’s failure to notify them of the defective condition of the roof at a time when they could exercise their contractual right to control repair or replacement. The contractor who replaced the roof testified that Plaintiff asked him for the cost of replacement not for repair and that some of the roof could have been caused in servicing the air con ditioner on the roof by Plaintiff. Defendant testified that he had no knowledge of leaks in the roof, the need for repairs or that the roof had been replaced until it was advised when suit was filed. He thought the roof had a twenty-year warranty which had expired. The trial court found that the lease required Defendant to repair the roof except for repairs necessitated by Plaintiff’s negligent or improper use. Defendant had neither notice from Plaintiff nor knowledge of the need for repairs prior to completion of work. The court therefore found that Plaintiff breached the contact by failing to give notice.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.