Civil Procedure Keyed to Spencer
Gonzales v. Google, Inc.
The Child Online Protection Act (COPA), 47 U.S.C. § 231 forbids knowingly using the internet to communicate material that is harmful to minors for commercial purposes. The act’s constitutionality was challenged. The government hoped to test filtering software and subpoenaed Google, Inc. (Google), America Online, Inc. (AOL), Yahoo! Inc. (Yahoo), and Microsoft, Inc. (Microsoft). The subpoena required production of URLs available to users and text of search queries entered by users. Google, the market-leading search engine, objected to the production. The government significantly reduced its initial demand for data, but Google still objected. The government filed a motion to compel production.
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