Civil Procedure Keyed to Friedenthal
Martin v. Wilks
The Petitioners, the City of Alabama and the Jefferson County Personnel Board (Petitioners), had entered into a consent judgment with black firefighters setting goals for hiring blacks and promoting them. Subsequently, the Respondents, white firefighters (Respondents), nonparties to the aforementioned consent judgment, brought a reverse discrimination lawsuit against the Petitioners. The Petitioners responded that the consent decrees in the earlier suits brought by blacks mandated the procedures followed and precluded the current suit. The District Court held that the earlier consent decrees were a defense to the white firefighters’ suits, but the Court of Appeals reversed holding that because the white firefighters were not parties to the earlier litigation, their claims could not be precluded.
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