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Block v. Community Nutrition Institute
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Access the most important case brief elements for optimal case understanding.
*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In the early 1900s dairy farmers engaged in an intense competition in the production of milk, and the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1937 (Act) was passed to bring the competition under control. The Act authorized the Secretary to issue milk marketing orders setting the minimum prices that handlers (processors of dairy products) had to pay producers. The purpose of the Act was to raise producer prices to ensure that the benefits and burdens were fairly and proportionately shared by all dairy farmers. The District Court concluded the consumers and nonprofit organizations lacked standing, and that Congress by the Act intended to preclude them from obtaining judicial review. The Court of Appeals agreed the milk handler and nonprofit lacked standing, but concluded the consumers had standing, and that the Act did not reveal “the type of clear and convincing evidence of congressional intent needed to overcome the presumption in favor of judicial review.”
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.