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Administrative Law Keyed to Lawson
Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Congress amended the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act in 1962 to require manufacturers of prescription drugs to print the “established name” (generic name) of the drug prominently and in type at least half as large as the type used for the “proprietary name” (brand name) on labels and other printed material. The purpose was to inform doctors and patients of drugs’ established names so that they could be purchased at lower prices. The Commissioner of Food and Drugs published proposed regulations (in addition to the Act) which required all drug labels and drug advertisements to put the established name next to the proprietary name every time the proprietary name appeared. A group of 37 drug manufacturers (the Petitioners) challenged the regulations on the grounds that the Commissioner exceeded his authority under the Act in issuing the regulations. The District Court granted injunctive and declaratory relief against the Commissioner. The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed, holding (1) that pre- enforcement review of the regulations was not permitted by the Act, and (2) that no relief was available under the Administrative Procedure Act because no actual case or controversy existed. The Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.